Erythronium ‘Pagoda’ has sulphur-yellow nodding flowers that carpet the ground in the Wild Garden and especially on Battleston Hill in May. The woodland area of the Rock Bank has thousands of new plantings of this dainty plant.
- Common name
- Dog’s-tooth violet, trout lily
- Height & spread
- 15-35cm (6-14in) x 10cm (4in)
- Bulbous perennial
- Fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil that does not dry out
- Dappled or partial shade
- Fully hardy
This genus contains about 22 species of clump-forming, bulbous perennials with long, pointed tooth-like bulbs, found in a wide range of habitats from deciduous woodlands to open mountain meadows in North America, Europe and Asia.
Flowers are produced from spring to early summer on slender, upright stems. The flowers are pendant, 3-6cm (1.25-2.5in) across in colours ranging from white through yellow, pink and violet to purple. They have six recurved, pointed tepals and prominent stamens.
The leaves are basal, elliptic, paired, mid- to dark-green. Some are marbled bronze, silver, brown or maroon, which starts to fade as the season progresses.
They like cool, damp climates where they may be grown beneath deciduous trees or in rock gardens. The name comes from the Greek word erythronion, derived from the word erythros, red, originally the name for another plant.
This cultivar is very vigorous, with strongly bronze-mottled, glossy, deep-green leaves. In spring each stem bears two to 10 sulphur-yellow flowers with a highly visible central ring and deep yellow anthers.
- Plant the bulbs at least 10cm (4in) deep in autumn in fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil that does not dry out, in dappled or partial shade.
- Bulbs should be kept slightly damp during storage and before planting.
- Erythronium need protecting against slugs.
- Divide established clumps after flowering or sow fresh seed in rich, moisture-retentive soil.
The RHS Rock Garden Plant Trials Sub-Committee awarded Erythronium ‘Pagoda’ an Award of Garden Merit and described it as:
"Bulbous perennial with slightly mottled, rich green leaves and stems to 35cm bearing up to 10 nodding flowers 5-6cm wide. Flowers creamy-yellow with recurved segments."