• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Monarda 'Cambridge Scarlet'

Bergamot 'Cambridge Scarlet'

Bergamot 'Cambridge Scarlet'

© � RHS 2000

  • Other common names Bergamot 'Cambridge Scarlet'

  • Synonyms Citrus bergamia 'Cambridge Scarlet'
    Monarda didyma 'Cambridge Scarlet'

  • Genus Monarda can be annuals or clump-forming herbaceous perennials with aromatic, ovate leaves and terminal whorls of 2-lipped, tubular flowers from summer to early autumn

  • Family Lamiaceae / Lamiaceae

  • Species 'Cambridge Scarlet' is an herbaceous perennial forming a clump to 90cm in height, with aromatic, bronze-tinged, lanceolate leaves and terminal whorls of deep scarlet, two-lipped flowers

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Clump-forming

  • Fragrance Leaf

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or East-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Clay

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilClay, Loam, Chalk, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height

    0.5-1 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Protect from excessive winter wet and do not allow to dry out in summer. Lift and divide every three years.

Propagation Propagate by division in spring or root basal cuttings in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Cottage & Informal Garden Wildlife Gardens Prairie Planting

How to care

Pruning Deadhead regularly then cut stems down to the ground in autumn

Pests May be attacked by slugs

Diseases May be subject to powdery mildews

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