• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Parrotia persica

Persian ironwood

Persian ironwood

© � RHS 1999

  • Other common names Persian ironwood
    Iron tree


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  • Genus Parrotia are deciduous trees with broadly ovate leaves which colour well in autumn, and small but abundant red flowers in late winter and early spring

  • Family Hamamelidaceae / Hamamelidaceae

  • Species P. persica is a wide-spreading, often multi-stemmed deciduous tree or large shrub to 8m, with attractive flaking bark. Leaves turn yellow, red and purple in autumn. Small crimson flowers on bare twigs

  • Plant range N Iran to Caucasus


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy



  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect North-facing or East-facing or South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered or Exposed


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Sand, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height

    4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    wider than 8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    20-50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in a well-drained or moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade; well suited to an open woodland setting

Propagation Propagate by semi-hardwood or softwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types Low Maintenance Architectural

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases Generally disease free

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