• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Betula pendula

Silver birch

Silver birch

© � RHS 2002

  • Other common names Silver birch
    Bed wen

    Birk tree
    Common birch
    European white birch
    Lady birch
    Lady of the woods
    Warty birch
    Weeping birch

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  • Synonyms Betula alba L.
    Betula alba var. pendula

    Betula verrucosa

    see more
  • Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring

  • Family Betulaceae / Betulaceae

  • Species B. pendula is an elegant medium-sized deciduous tree with slender drooping twigs. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. Leaves ovate, yellow in autumn. Flowers in catkins

  • Plant range W Eurasia

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Pendulous_Weeping#Pendulous/Weeping

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect North-facing or East-facing or South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered or Exposed

Soil

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Clay

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Sand, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height

    Higher than 12 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    wider than 8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    20-50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Will grow in a wide range of situations. Effective when planted in small groups or as a multi-stemmed specimen

Propagation Propagate by seed, softwood cuttings or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types Low Maintenance Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1

Pests Sawflies, aphids and leaf- mining sawflies may be a problem

Diseases A rust and a leaf spot may be a problem

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