• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Ranunculus ficaria 'Brazen Hussy'

Lesser celandine 'Brazen Hussy'

Lesser celandine 'Brazen Hussy'

© � RHS 1999

  • Other common names Lesser celandine 'Brazen Hussy'

  • Genus Ranunculus can be annuals, biennials, evergreen or herbaceous perennials, with rhizomes, tubers or spreading by runners. The leaves are variable but often palmately lobed or dissected and the flowers usually bowl-shaped

  • Family Ranunculaceae / Ranunculaceae

  • Species 'Brazen Hussy' is a compact tuberous rooted perennial, dying down in summer. Glossy, heart-shaped, deep blackish-bronze leaves to 5cm long contrast with bright yellow flowers 3cm wide, in early spring


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy



  • Partial Shade

  • Full Shade

  • Aspect North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height

    Up to 10 cm

  • Ultimate spread

    0-0.1 metre

  • Time to ultimate height

    2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in partial or full shade in moist, humus-rich soil

Propagation Divide, or detach basal bulbils in spring or autumn. Propagate by seed as soon as it is ripe, in a cold frame; cultivars will not come true from seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Garden Edging City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden Rock Garden Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning None required

Pests Slugs, snails and aphids can be problematic

Diseases Powdery mildew can be a problem if the plants become stressed

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