• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Corylus avellana (F)

Hazel

Hazel

© � RHS 2002

  • Other common names Hazel
    Cobnut

    Common filbert
    European hazelnut
    Hale nut
    Hazelnut
    Stock nut
    Wood nut

    see more
  • Synonyms Corylus avellana cobnut

  • Genus Corylus are deciduous trees and large shrubs with broad leaves, and showy male catkins in early spring, followed by edible nuts

  • Family Betulaceae / Betulaceae

  • Species C. avellana is a large, spreading deciduous shrub or small tree, with rounded leaves turning yellow in autumn, and yellow male catkins in early spring, followed by edible nuts in autumn

  • Plant range Europe, W Asia, N Africa

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Spreading _ Branched#Spreading / Branched

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Chalk, Sand

  • pHAlkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height

    4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grows well in chalky soil in sun or partial shade

Propagation Propagate by seed or layer

Suggested planting locations and garden types Hedging & Screens Low Maintenance Cottage & Informal Garden Wildflower meadow Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 7

Pests Can get caterpillars, gall mites, aphids and sawflies; squirrels eat the nuts

Diseases Generally disease free

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