• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Pulmonaria officinalis

common lungwort

  • Other common names common lungwort
    Jerusalem sage

    Adam and Eve
    Bedlam cowslip
    beggar's basket
    bugloss cowslip
    Jerusalem cowslip
    lady's cowslip
    lady's milk
    Mary's honeysuckle
    Mary's tears
    sage of Bethlehem
    soldiers and sailors
    spotted dog
    Virgin Mary's honeysuckle

    see more
  • Synonyms Pulmonaria officinalis subsp. maculosa

  • Family Boraginaceae

  • Genus Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and often strikingly patterned leaves developing in summer

  • Details P. officinalis is a semi-evergreen perennial to 30cm tall, with broad leaves spotted freely with greenish-white, and clusters of flowers opening pink and soon changing to blue, in spring

  • Plant range Europe


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Shade

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Clay


  • Loam


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in humus-rich, fertile, moist but not waterlogged soil in full or partial shade

Propagation Propagate by division after flowering or in autumn

Suggested planting locations and garden types Banks and Slopes Flower borders and beds Ground Cover Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden Wildlife Gardens City & Courtyard Gardens

How to care

Pruning Remove old leaves after flowering

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases May be subject to powdery mildews in dry conditions

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