• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Cornus sanguinea

common dogwood

common dogwood

© RHS 2002

  • Other common names common dogwood
    blood twig

    catteridge tree
    common cornel
    dogberry
    dog cherry
    dog tree
    gadrise
    gatten tree
    gattar tree
    houndberry tree
    pegwood
    prick timber
    prickwood
    skewer wood
    swamp dogwood

    see more
  • Synonyms Cornus latifolia
    Cornus sylvestris

  • Family Cornaceae

  • Genus Cornus can be deciduous shrubs or trees, or creeping, woody-based perennials, some with brightly coloured young stems. Tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters, sometimes with showy bracts. Many have fine autumn colour

  • Details C. sanguinea is a deciduous shrub of upright, bushy habit, with young shoots reddish in winter, ovate leaves turning deep red in autumn, and small white flowers in flat clusters, followed by black berries

  • Plant range Europe

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Toxicity

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Loam

    Loam

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Sand, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 5-10 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grows in a range of soils from poor or well-drained to moisture retentive in sun or partial shade

Propagation Propagate by seed or hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types Hedging & Screens Cottage & Informal Garden Wildflower meadow Wildlife Gardens Coastal

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 7

Pests Generally pest free but may be attacked by horse chestnut scale

Diseases Generally disease free but cornus anthracnose may affect weak shoots

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