• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Nicandra physalodes

apple of Peru

  • Other common names apple of Peru

    apple of Sodom
    Peruvian bluebell

    see more
  • Family Solanaceae

  • Genus Nicandra is a monotypic genus in the potato family, Solanaceae

  • Details N. physalodes has many, branched, erect, dark coloured stems to 1.2m, with toothed, ovate green leaves to 10cm long, rather thin in texture, and solitary flowers borne on short stalks from the axils of the leaves. The flowers are pale blue-mauve with a white throat, 5-lobed, 2.5-4cm across, opening in the middle of the day. The calyces are tinged and veined with dark purple, expanding after flowering to encase the small brown fruits in ridged, papery globes

  • Plant range Peru


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Loam


  • Sand


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Loam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height 1-1.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.5-1 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 1 year

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in fertile, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or light shade. Flowers are short-lived but the fruit is encased in ornamental lantern-like calyces

Propagation Propagate by seed at 15°C (59°F) in early spring or in situ in mid-spring; self-seeds freely

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Coastal Mediterranean Climate Plants Cottage & Informal Garden Wildflower meadow

How to care

Pruning No pruning required; ideal for dried flower arranging

Pests Generally trouble free

Diseases Generally trouble free

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