• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Viola 'Irish Molly' (Va)

viola 'Irish Molly'

viola 'Irish Molly'

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  • Other common names viola 'Irish Molly'

  • Family Violaceae

  • Genus Viola can be annuals, biennials or deciduous or evergreen perennials, with simple or pinnately lobed leaves and 5-petalled flowers of characteristic shape

  • Horticultural Group Violas are compact reliably perennial, clump-forming plants with a complex root system and rounded, more or less fragrant flowers, often with darker rays, over a long period in late spring and summer

  • Details 'Irish Molly' is a neat clump-forming perennial to 20cm tall, with ovate leaves and fragrant flowers 4cm wide, the upper petals brownish-maroon with violet and green shading, the lower one yellow with a reddish-brown marking

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Flower

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H7

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or East-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Loam

    Loam

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Clay, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade

Propagation Propagate by seed sown in late winter or early spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Garden Edging City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden Rock Garden Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning Cut back after flowering

Pests May be attacked by slugs, snails, aphids, glasshouse red spider mite, violet gall midge

Diseases May be subject to powdery mildews, pansy leaf spot, a virus and a rust

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