Tall, evergreen conifer tree with narrowly conical crown. In optimal conditions this species reaches up to 20m. Bark on young trees is smooth and grey. Needle-like leaves are flat, dark green on the top, with two silvery-white lines below. Needles up to 3cm long are spirally arranged on the shoots, twisted at the base. Seed cones are up to 12cm long, dark purple, almost black when young with fine yellow-brown hairy seed scales. Mature seed cones are brown.
Other common namessubalpine fir
Ultimate heightHigher than 12 metres
Time to ultimate height20–50 years
Ultimate spread4–8 metres
MoistureMoist but well–drained
Colour & scent
|Spring||Green Grey Silver|
|Summer||Green Grey Silver||Purple|
|Autumn||Green Grey Silver||Brown|
|Winter||Green Grey Silver|
- Full sun
East–facing or North–facing or South–facing or West–facing
ExposureExposed or Sheltered
- Native to the UK
- Columnar upright
Abies are evergreen conifers, often very tall, with whorled branches bearing flattened, linear leaves, often whitish beneath, and on the upper branches, large cones which break up whilst attached to the tree
- Name status
- Plant range
- N America
How to grow
Grows best in deep, slightly acidic, moist but well-drained soils in cooler climates.
Suggested planting locations and garden types
- City and courtyard gardens
No pruning required
Generally disease-free, but may be affected by honey fungus.
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