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AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:
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Other common names
river birch red birch
Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring
Betulaceae / Betulaceae
B. nigra is a bushy deciduous tree to 15m or more, with peeling bark, at first reddish-brown, later almost black; glossy dark green leaves turn yellow in autumn
C & E USA
Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing
Exposure Exposed or Sheltered
MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained
SoilSand, Clay, Chalk, Loam
pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral
Higher than 12 metres
Will grow in a wide range of situations
Propagate by softwood cuttings or grafting
Suggested planting locations and garden types
Flower borders and beds
Cottage & Informal Garden
Pruning group 1
Sawflies, aphids and leaf- mining sawflies may be a problem
A rust and a leaf spot may be a problem
RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team.
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