• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Ilex × meserveae Blue Angel = 'Conang' (f)

holly Blue Angel

holly Blue Angel

© RHS 1999

  • Other common names holly Blue Angel

  • Synonyms Ilex × meserveae 'Blue Angel'

  • Family Aquifoliaceae

  • Genus Ilex can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs and trees with often spiny leaves, small white flowers (male and female usually on separate plants) and, on female plants, showy berries in autumn

  • Details Blue Angel is a dense, slow growing evergreen shrub to 4m tall, with neat, dark blue-green, spiny leaves to 4cm long, and small white flowers followed by bright red berries


  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Toxicity Berries mildly toxic by ingestion

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Clay, Chalk, Loam

  • pHAlkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height 2.5-4 metres

  • Ultimate spread 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in moist but well-drained, moderately fertile, humus-rich soil in full sun or partial shade

Propagation Propagate by seed in containers (germination may take 2-3 years). Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in late summer or early autumn

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Hedging & Screens City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning pruning group 1

Pests Aphids can affect young shoots, scale insects and holly leaf miner can also be a problem

Diseases Phytophthora root rot may occur

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