• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Ruellia makoyana

monkey plant

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
monkey plant

© RHS 1999

  • Other common names monkey plant
    trailing velvet plant

  • Family Acanthaceae

  • Genus Ruellia can be perennials or shrubs, with simple, evergreen leaves sometimes attractively veined, and solitary or clustered, funnel-shaped flowers

  • Details R. makoyana is a spreading evergreen perennial to 60cm, with purple ovate leaves veined with silvery-grey, brighter purple beneath; flowers 5cm long, funnel-shaped, bright pink

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H1A

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Loam

  • pHNeutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 0.5-1 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 5-10 years

How to grow

Cultivation Under glass grow in containers using loamless potting such as multipurpose compost in bright filtered light with high humidity. Water freely during the growing season and apply balanced liquid fertilizer monthly. Water moderately in winter. Keep at minimum 12°C (54°F)

Propagation Propagate by seed; sow seeds at 19-24°C (66-75°F) in spring. Take softwood cuttings in spring or early summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning Pinch young shoots to encourage branching. Pruning group 10; after flowering

Pests Generally trouble free

Diseases Generally trouble free

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