• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Pinus pinaster

maritime pine

maritime pine


  • Other common names maritime pine
    cluster pine

    European turpentine
    Mauritius pine
    seaside pine
    star pine

    see more
  • Family Pinaceae

  • Genus Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

  • Details P. pinaster is an evergreen conifer forming an open-crowned large tree with a long clear trunk. Needles paired, stiff, to 25cm long. Rich brown woody cones to 15cm long remain on the tree for many years

  • Plant range Europe Mediterranean


  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilSand, Clay, Chalk, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height Higher than 12 metres

  • Ultimate spread wider than 8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height more than 50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in any well drained soil in full sun

Propagation Propagate by seed sown in containers in a cold frame in late winter. Retain in pots for at least two years

Suggested planting locations and garden types Hedging & Screens Coastal Architectural

How to care

Pruning Generally, no pruning required. Remove competing leaders and, on older trees, crown lift as necessary by removing some of the lower branches to reveal the trunk

Pests Pine adelgid and sawfly may occur

Diseases May be affected by honey fungus, various needle cast diseases and tree rust

Advertise here

Did you find the information you were looking for?

RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team.

Join the RHS now