• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas fir

Douglas fir


  • Other common names Douglas fir
    Oregon pine

    green Douglas fir

    see more
  • Family Pinaceae

  • Genus Pseudotsuga are large evergreen trees with leathery, linear leaves and conspicuous cones with 3-pointed bracts emerging between the cone-scales

  • Details P. menziesii is a fast-growing large evergreen tree of conical habit, the bark becoming thick and rugged; leaves linear, dark green, two-ranked. Cones to 10cm long, with conspicuous exserted bracts

  • Plant range Western N America


  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Columnar/Upright

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilSand, Clay, Loam

  • pHAcid, Neutral


  • Ultimate height Higher than 12 metres

  • Ultimate spread wider than 8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height more than 50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in any well-drained, non-chalky soil in full sun

Propagation Propagate by seed sown fresh in containers in a cold frame in late winter

Suggested planting locations and garden types Hedging & Screens Architectural

How to care

Pruning Requires little pruning. Remove competing leaders on young trees

Pests Douglas fir adelgids may occur

Diseases Generally disease free

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