• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii

Mediterranean spurge

Mediterranean spurge

© � RHS 2002

  • Other common names Mediterranean spurge

  • Synonyms Euphorbia wulfenii

  • Genus Euphorbia can be annuals, perennials, shrubs or succulents, with milky sap and small flowers held within cupped, often colourful bracts

  • Family Euphorbiaceae / Euphorbiaceae

  • Species E. characias subsp. wulfenii is an erect, sparsely-branched medium-sized sub-shrub with oblong, grey-green leaves and large, rounded heads of greenish-yellow flowers

  • Plant range Mediterranean


  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Spreading _ Branched#Spreading / Branched

  • Toxicity All parts are highly toxic by ingestion



  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or East-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilSand, Loam, Chalk

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height

    1-1.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    1-1.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in well-drained, light soil in full sun

Propagation Propagate by division in early spring or take basal cuttings in spring or early summer; dip cut surfaces in charcoal or lukewarm water to prevent bleeding

Suggested planting locations and garden types Drought Resistant Flower borders and beds Cut Flowers Low Maintenance Mediterranean Climate Plants Architectural

How to care

Pruning Cut back flowering shoots to ground level in late summer or autumn

Pests Prone to aphids

Diseases Generally disease free

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