• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Zingiber officinale

common ginger

  • Other common names common ginger
    Canton ginger

    East Indian ginger
    ginger root
    Jamaica ginger
    red ginger
    stem ginger

    see more
  • Family Zingiberaceae

  • Genus Zingiber are aromatic rhizomatous perennials with alternate, oblong leaves in two ranks, and cone-like inflorescences with overlapping, sometimes brightly coloured bracts, and 3-petalled flowers

  • Details grows to 1m, with lance-shaped leaves to 20cm long, narrowed to a fine point. Flowers are borne in a dense, elliptic spike on a stalk about 25cm above the rhizome, the large oblong-ovate lips, purple with yellow spots and stripes, emerging from yellowish-green bracts

  • Plant range Tropical Asia


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Columnar/Upright

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or East-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered


  • Loam


  • Sand


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height 0.5-1 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Plant in rich, well-drained, moisture-retentive soil in filtered sunlight and high humidity, either directly in the border of a heated greenhouse, or in a container indoors

Propagation From pieces of plump, fresh rhizome with well-developed growth buds, planted in well-drained, moisture retentive compost, in temperatures of 25-28C

Suggested planting locations and garden types Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning Cut back old stems as they die back in the autumn

Pests Glasshouse red spider mite can be troublesome under glass

Diseases Generally trouble free

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