• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Barbados pride

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
Barbados pride

© RHS

  • Other common names Barbados pride
    Barbados flower fence

    dwarf poinciana
    flamboyant tree
    paradise flower
    peacock flower
    Spanish carnation

    see more
  • Family Caesalpiniaceae

  • Genus Caesalpinia can be shrubs, trees or climbing shrubs with evergreen, 2-pinnate leaves and terminal panicles or racemes of 5-petalled flowers with protruding stamens

  • Details C. pulcherrima is an upright evergreen thorny shrub or small tree with feathery foliage to 4m high and wide, bearing very showy red and yellow flowers through the most of the year, but peaking in the spring and autumn

  • Plant range Trop. America

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H3

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Loam

    Loam

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Chalk, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 2.5-4 metres

  • Ultimate spread 2.5-4 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow outdoors in full sun in a frost-free area in moist but well-drained soil. Under glass grow in loam-based compost in full light. Plants under glass may need a restrictive prune after the first flush of flowers. In hot climates it is tolerant of dry areas where it can be grown out of doors, providing a dense thorny barrier

Propagation Propagate by seed or softwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types Cut Flowers Wall-side Borders Architectural City & Courtyard Gardens Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning Generally no pruning required

Pests Can get glasshouse red spider mite, glasshouse whitefly and mealybugs

Diseases Generally disease free

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