• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Cymbalaria muralis

ivy-leaved toadflax

ivy-leaved toadflax

© RHS

  • Other common names ivy-leaved toadflax
    climbing sailor

    Colisseum ivy
    devil's ribbon
    female fluellen
    ivy weed
    ivy wort
    Kenilworth ivy
    Kentucky ivy
    mother of thousands
    Oxford ivy
    Oxford weed
    penny leaf
    pennywort
    roving sailor
    Wandering Jew
    wandering sailor

    see more
  • Synonyms Antirrhinum cymbalaria
    Linaria cymbalaria

  • Family Plantaginaceae

  • Genus Cymbalaria are low, creeping perennials with rounded, mostly lobed leaves and small, two-lipped, spurred flowers in shades of purple, or white

  • Details C. muralis produces a low mat of small, lobed, more or less evergreen leaves from creeping stems that root as they go. Small, lilac, snapdragon-like flowers are produced all summer

Characteristics

  • Foliage Semi-evergreen

  • Habit Trailing

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H5

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Loam

    Loam

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Chalk, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height Up to 10 cm

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in semi-shade, or full sun where the soil is not too dry. Good for cracks in paving, or for trailing down walls

Propagation Propagate by seed, or by removing rooted sections of stem

Suggested planting locations and garden types Ground Cover Wall-side Borders Cottage & Informal Garden Gravel Garden Patio & Container Plants Rock Garden Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning No pruning needed

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases Generally disease free

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