• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Celastrus orbiculatus Hermaphrodite Group

oriental bittersweet Hermaphrodite Group

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
© Dorling Kindersley 2003
  • Other common names oriental bittersweet Hermaphrodite Group
    staff vine Hermaphrodite Group

  • Family Celastraceae

  • Genus Celastrus are fast-growing deciduous, rarely evergreen, climbers with scandent or twining stems bearing alternate leaves and inconspicuous greenish flowers followed by attractive fruits. Male and female flowers are often borne on separate plants

  • Details Hermaphrodite Group are vigorous deciduous twining large climbers. Leaves to 12cm in length, rounded, turning yellow in autumn. Flowers inconspicuous; fruits globose, 1cm, splitting to show yellow lining and scarlet seeds

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Climbing

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Loam

    Loam

  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilClay, Sand, Chalk, Loam

  • pHNeutral, Acid, Alkaline

Size

  • Ultimate height 8-12 metres

  • Ultimate spread 4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Full sun and a well-drained soil will give the best autumn colour

Propagation Propagate by softwood cuttings or root cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types Wall-side Borders

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 11 in winter or early spring

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases Generally disease free

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