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Castanea sativa

sweet chestnut

C. sativa is a large vigorous deciduous tree with rugged, grooved bark and glossy, serrate, oblong-lanceolate leaves to 20cm in length. Male catkins to 15cm in length, yellowish, followed by spiny fruits containing edible nuts

Other common names
common chestnut
Eurasian chestnut
see moreEuropean chestnut
Sardian nut
Spanish chestnut
Synonyms
Castanea vesca
Castanea vulgaris

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Size
Ultimate height
Higher than 12 metres
Time to ultimate height
20–50 years
Ultimate spread
Wider than 8 metres
Growing conditions
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Well–drained
pH
Acid, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Brown
Summer Yellow Brown
Autumn Green Brown
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
Aspect

South–facing or North–facing or West–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Drought resistance
Yes
Hardiness
H6
Botanical details
Family
Fagaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Spreading branched
Genus

Castanea are fast-growing and large deciduous trees or large shrubs, with long, toothed leaves and conspicuous yellow catkins followed by spiny fruits

Name status

Correct

Plant range
S. Europe, N. America, SW Asia, N. Africa

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in full sun

Propagation

Propagate by seed or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Architectural
Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

A canker caused by Phytophthora and a leaf spot can be a problem. Susceptible to Chestnut blight.

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