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Codiaeum variegatum var. pictum (v)

garden croton

C. variegatum var. pictum is an upright, evergreen shrub with thick, leathery, often deeply-lobed leaves. These are rich green, heavily veined with yellow when young and developing variable red flushing with age. Sprays of small, white, star-shaped flowers may appear in summer

Other common names
croton
sun-spot croton
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Size
Ultimate height
1–1.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
5–10 years
Ultimate spread
0.5–1 metres
Growing conditions
Loam
Moisture
Moist but well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green Red Yellow
Summer White Green Red Yellow
Autumn Green Red Yellow
Winter Green Red Yellow
Position
  • Partial shade
Aspect

North–facing or West–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Sheltered
Hardiness
H1B
Botanical details
Family
Euphorbiaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Bushy
Potentially harmful
Sap may cause skin irritation. Wear gloves and other protective equipment when handling
Genus

Codiaeum are evergreen shrubs, trees and perennials with large, leathery, often variegated, leaves. Sprays of tiny white or yellow, star-shaped flowers may appear in summer

Name status

Correct

Plant range
S & SE Asia

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How to grow

Cultivation

Grow under glass in loam-based potting compost in good light but shaded from hot sun, with high humidity

Propagation

Propagate by air layering in spring, or root softwood cuttings with bottom heat in summer, after dipping the cut ends in powdered charcoal to reduce bleeding

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Sub-tropical
  • Patio and container plants
Pruning

Pruning group 9. Cut back leggy plants to about 10cm and dust wounds with powdered charcoal to reduce bleeding

Pests

Prone to scale insects and glasshouse red spider mite

Diseases

Generally problem free

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