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Pinus sylvestris 'Dereham'

Scots pine 'Dereham'

A dwarf, slow-growing, evergreen conifer, which produces a compact, flattened, globe to dome-shaped bush, reaching about 1-1.5m (3-5ft) high and 1.5m (5ft) across after ten years. It has a neat, densely branching habit. The short needles are produced in bunches of two at the tips of the stems and are around 2.5-5cm (1-2in) long. They are stiff to the touch and are mid-green in colour. It can produce oval-shaped, brown cones, that taper to a point at the tips and are up to 7.5cm (3in) long. Its relatively small size, means it is an excellent choice for a small, city or courtyard garden, where an architectural, or evergreen focal point is needed

Size
Ultimate height
1–1.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
5–10 years
Ultimate spread
1–1.5 metres
Growing conditions
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Well–drained
pH
Acid, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green Brown
Summer Green Brown
Autumn Green Brown
Winter Green Brown
Position
  • Full sun
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H7
Botanical details
Family
Pinaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

Name status

Unresolved

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained, preferably neutral to acidic soil in full sun

Propagation

Propagate by grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Architectural
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Patio and container plants
  • Rock garden
  • Low Maintenance
  • Flower borders and beds
Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be susceptible to adelgids, conifer aphid, sawfly larvae, and pine shoot moth

Diseases

May be susceptible to honey fungus and needle cast diseases

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