• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Castanea sativa

sweet chestnut

sweet chestnut

© � RHS 2002

  • Other common names sweet chestnut
    Spanish chestnut

    common chestnut
    Eurasian chestnut
    Sardian nut
    European chestnut

    see more
  • Synonyms Castanea vesca
    Castanea vulgaris

  • Genus Castanea are fast-growing and large deciduous trees or large shrubs, with long, toothed leaves and conspicuous yellow catkins followed by spiny fruits

  • Family Fagaceae / Fagaceae

  • Details C. sativa is a large vigorous deciduous tree with rugged, grooved bark and glossy, serrate, oblong-lanceolate leaves to 20cm in length. Male catkins to 15cm in length, yellowish, followed by spiny fruits containing edible nuts

  • Plant range S. Europe, N. America, SW Asia, N. Africa

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Spreading / Branched

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect North-facing or East-facing or South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered or Exposed

Soil

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilLoam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height

    Higher than 12 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    wider than 8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    20-50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in well-drained soil in full sun

Propagation Propagate by seed or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types Drought Resistant Architectural

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases A canker caused by Phytophthora and a leaf spot can be a problem. Susceptible to Chestnut blight.

Advertise here

Did you find the information you were looking for?

RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team.

Join the RHS now