• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Salix × sepulcralis 'Erythroflexuosa' (m)

willow 'Erythroflexuosa'

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

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  • Other common names willow 'Erythroflexuosa'

  • Synonyms Salix 'Erythroflexuosa'
    Salix matsudana 'Tortuosa Aureopendula'

    Salix 'Golden Curls'
    Salix × erythroflexuosa

    see more
  • Family Salicaceae

  • Genus Salix are deciduous shrubs and trees of diverse habit, with simple leaves and tiny flowers in catkins, male and female usually on separate plants. Some are valued for their brightly coloured winter shoots, others for their foliage or showy male catkins

  • Details 'Erythroflexuosa' is a small tree or large shrub, to 5m tall, with narrow, twisted pale green leaves and yellow catkins in spring. Its pendulous, orange-yellow juvenile shoots are twisted and contorted and mature to a dark brown colour

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H5

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Sand

    Sand

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained, Poorly-drained

  • SoilClay, Loam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread 2.5-4 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in full sun in moist or wet soil

Propagation Propagate by softwood cuttings in early summer or hardwood cuttings in winter

Suggested planting locations and garden types City & Courtyard Gardens Architectural Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1 or Pruning group 7 to encourage new brightly coloured shoot formation

Pests May be affected by aphids, caterpillars, gall mites, sawfly larvae, and willow scale

Diseases May be affected by willow anthracnose, scab, willow heart rot, rust diseases, crown gall, honey fungus and root rot

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