• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Dactylorhiza fuchsii

common spotted orchid

common spotted orchid

© RHS

  • Other common names common spotted orchid

  • Family Orchidaceae

  • Genus Dactylorhiza are deciduous tuberous perennials with lance-shaped leaves sometimes spotted with purple, and dense terminal racemes of purple, pink or white flowers

  • Details D. fuchsii is an erect perennial to 60cm tall, with usually purple-spotted, lance-shaped leaves and dense spikes of purple, pink or white flowers with darker markings in late spring and early summer

  • Plant range Europe, SW Asia

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H5

Colour

Sunlight

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect North-facing or East-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered or Exposed

Soil

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Clay

    Clay

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Clay

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 0.5-1 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in moist but well-drained, humus-rich, leafy soil in partial shade

Propagation By division in early spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Cottage & Informal Garden Rock Garden Wildflower meadow

How to care

Pruning No pruning required, tidy if necessary

Pests Generally trouble free

Diseases Generally trouble free

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