• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Elettaria cardamomum


  • Other common names cardamom
    Ceylon cardamom

    Malabar cardamom

    see more
  • Synonyms Amomum cardamomum

  • Family Zingiberaceae

  • Genus Elettaria are evergreen, rhizomatous perennials with erect, reed-like stems with two ranks of linear to lance-shaped leaves. Separate, horizontal flowering shoots bear three-petalled flowers followed by spherical or ellipsoid seed capsules

  • Details E. cardamomum is an evergreen perennial with thick rhizomes producing upright shoots bearing long, narrow, dark green leaves. In summer, shoots spreading from the base carry white, orchid-like flowers with purple, yellow or pink markings, followed by small, aromatic, pale green pods (cardamom)

  • Plant range India


  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Fruit

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered


  • Loam


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 5-10 years

How to grow

Cultivation Requires tropical conditions to fruit well, but can make a good foliage plant under glass. Grow in fertile, loam-based potting compost with added leaf mould or granulated bark in bright, filtered light with high humidity. Pot on in spring

Propagation Propagate by seed sown with heat as soon as ripe, or by division

Suggested planting locations and garden types Sub-tropical

How to care

Pruning Remove flowered stems in spring

Pests Generally pest free though may be affected by thrips

Diseases Generally disease free though may be affected by a virus

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