• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Fragaria vesca (F)

wild strawberry

  • Other common names wild strawberry
    alpine strawberry

  • Synonyms Fragaria × ananassa Fraise des Bois

  • Family Rosaceae

  • Genus Fragaria are stoloniferous perennials with leaves composed of three leaflets, and rounded white or pink flowers followed by edible red fruits

  • Details F. vesca is a stoloniferous, spreading perennial forming rosettes of 3-palmate leaves, bright green leaves with toothed leaflets. In late spring it bears cymes of white flowers that are followed by red fruit 1cm long

  • Plant range Europe

Characteristics

  • Foliage Semi-evergreen

  • Habit Trailing

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or East-facing or West-facing or North-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Clay

    Clay

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Sand, Clay

  • pHNeutral, Alkaline, Acid

Size

  • Ultimate height 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.5-1 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 1-2 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in fertile, moist but well-drained soil. Can be grown in a wide range of soils, but thrives in alkaline soils. Tolerant of partial shade; for best fruiting grow full sun. Good for the edge of informal borders or as a ground cover; can spread. Suitable for container cultivation

Propagation Remove and transplant runners. Propagate by seed sow at 13-18°C in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Ground Cover Patio & Container Plants Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Remove excess runners

Pests Can get aphids, slugs, glasshouse red spider mite and vine weevil

Diseases May be affected by strawberry viruses and root rot. Fruit prone to grey moulds

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