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Phalaenopsis violacea

violet moth orchid

A small-sized, evergreen, epiphytic orchid with three to four, elliptic leaves, 20-25cm long and 4cm wide. In spring and summer, up to 7 flowers are borne in succession on 15cm short, pendent or arching racemes. 3-4cm large, star-shaped flowers fragrant, waxy, rich-violet, purple, yellow and white flowers with purple-red lip. If mounted on bark, plant will develop more pendulous habit

Size
Ultimate height
0.1–0.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
2–5 years
Ultimate spread
0.1–0.5 metres
Growing conditions
Moisture
Well–drained
pH
Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring White Yellow Pink Purple Green
Summer White Yellow Pink Purple Green
Autumn Green
Winter Green
Position
  • Partial shade
Aspect

East–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Sheltered
Hardiness
H1A
Botanical details
Family
Orchidaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Columnar upright, Pendulous weeping
Genus

Phalaenopsis are a large genus of species and hybrid mainly epiphytic orchids. Short, upward growing, stem-like rhizomes with no pseudobulbs produce oval, fleshy mid to dark green leaves and flowers in branched racemes from the base of the leaves

Name status

Correct

Plant range
Malaysia, Indonesia

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in an open bark-based orchid compost or mounted on cork bark, where sufficient humidity can be provided. Provide enough bright filtered light, but keep away from direct mid-day sunlight or heating source. Ideal temperatures are around 17°C at night and 20 - 25 °C during day. Mist aerial roots regularly and water the plant when almost dry - pale, silvery roots are a good indication when to water. Orchid fertiliser can be applied regularly throughout the season. See Phalaenopsis cultivation for more details

Propagation

Propagation by seed is only possible in controlled laboratory environment. Mature plants may produce sideshoots (keiki) which may be removed and potted separately into sphagnum moss when the new roots are at least 2cm long

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Houseplants
  • Conservatory and greenhouse
Pruning

No pruning required. Cut back green flowered stem to lower node to encourage further flowering. Remove the flowered stems once yellow and dry

Pests

May be susceptible to mealybugs, aphids and scale insects

Diseases

Generally disease-free. Avoid watering centre of the leaf crown, to prevent bacterial rots

Get involved

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