A large-sized, decidous, orchid with narrow, often pendulous stems up to 120cm long. Lance-shaped leaves 8-15cm long are arranged along the nodes of the stem. Pendant flowering stems emerge from the upper nodes of leafless stems and carry six to fifteen, 4-7cm large, yellow flowers. The flowers have thin, crystal-like texture. The lip is rounded, often with a round, dark brown spot in the centre. The edge of the lip is densely frilled, which gives the plant its common name.
Ultimate height1–1.5 metres
Time to ultimate height5–10 years
Ultimate spread0.5–1 metres
Colour & scent
- Partial shade
- Full sun
East–facing or South–facing or West–facing
- Native to the UK
- Evergreen or Semi evergreen
- Clump forming, Pendulous weeping, Columnar upright
Dendrobium are epiphytic and terrestrial orchids with elongated, stem-like pseudobulbs bearing linear to ovate leaves. Racemes or panicles of showy flowers are produced from nodes along the stems mainly in spring
- Name status
- Plant range
- Himalaya to China & Indo-China
How to grow
Plants are best grown in a basket, in an epiphytic, medium grade, bark-based potting mix with added perlite, moss, or coir. As with many orchids, they grow best when the roots are slightly restricted. Therefore, avoid over-potting or frequent root disturbance. It is best to stake each cane to keep the upright form when potted. If grown in a basket, the plant will develop more pendulous form. It is a cool to warm-growing orchid with average temperatures between 12-25°C. Provide bright light (avoiding direct mid-day sun) and higher humidity by misting regularly in spring and summer. In autumn, reduce watering and feeding until warmer temperatures initiate flowering and new growth in spring. See indoor orchid cultivation
Propagation by seed is only possible in controlled laboratory environment. Mature plants may be divided when the plant overgrows the pot. Sideshoots (keiki) may develop on older canes - remove and pot them into sphagnum moss when the new roots are at least 2cm long.
Suggested planting locations and garden types
- Conservatory and greenhouse
No pruning required. Remove spent flowers as necessary, but do not cut the whole cane unless completely shrivelled. Oldest canes may be removed as long as there are enough, younger, thick, leaf-bearing canes on the plant.
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