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Herbaceous Perennial

Viola 'Columbine' (Va)

viola 'Columbine'

'Columbine' is a clump-forming perennial, growing to 30cm tall, with toothed leaves. This cultivar flowers from late spring into early summer and again in the autumn. The rounded creamy-white flowers are splashed with violet and have a small yellow eye

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Size
Ultimate height
0.1–0.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
2–5 years
Ultimate spread
0.1–0.5 metres
Growing conditions
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Blue Cream Purple White Green
Summer Blue Cream Purple White Green
Autumn Blue Cream Purple White Green
Winter Green
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

West–facing or South–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H6
Botanical details
Family
Violaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Viola can be annuals, biennials or deciduous or evergreen perennials, with simple or pinnately lobed leaves and 5-petalled flowers of characteristic shape

Name status

Accepted

Horticultural Group
Violas are compact reliably perennial, clump-forming plants with a complex root system and rounded, more or less fragrant flowers, often with darker rays, over a long period in late spring and summer

How to grow

Cultivation

Will grow in any moderately fertile soil apart from waterlogged soils in full sun or partial shade

Propagation

Propagate by stem-tip cuttings in spring or late summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Patio and container plants
  • Coastal
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Rock garden
  • Flower borders and beds
  • Garden edging
  • Underplanting of roses and shrubs
Pruning

Deadhead to prolong flowering. Cut back after flowering in summer

Pests

May be attacked by slugs, snails, aphids, glasshouse red spider mite and violet gall midge

Diseases

May be subject to powdery mildews, pansy leaf spot, a virus and a rust

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