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Herbaceous Perennial

Viola 'Clementina' (Va)
  • RHS AGM

viola 'Clementina'

'Clementina' is a tufted evergreen perennial to 15cm tall, with ovate leaves and yellow-eyed, violet-purple flowers 3cm long in spring and summer

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Size
Ultimate height
0.1–0.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
2–5 years
Ultimate spread
0.1–0.5 metres
Growing conditions
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Purple Green
Summer Purple Green
Autumn Green
Winter Green
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H5
Botanical details
Family
Violaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Viola can be annuals, biennials or deciduous or evergreen perennials, with simple or pinnately lobed leaves and 5-petalled flowers of characteristic shape

Name status

Unresolved

Horticultural Group
Violas are compact reliably perennial, clump-forming plants with a complex root system and rounded, more or less fragrant flowers, often with darker rays, over a long period in late spring and summer

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade

Propagation

Propagate by seed sown in late winter or early spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Patio and container plants
  • Rock garden
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Coastal
  • Garden edging
  • Flower borders and beds
Pruning

Cut back after flowering

Pests

May be attacked by slugs, snails, aphids, glasshouse red spider mite and violet gall midge

Diseases

May be subject to powdery mildews, pansy leaf spot, a virus and a rust

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