• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Lunaria annua


  • Other common names honesty

    annual honesty
    Chinese money
    common honesty
    grandpa's specs
    Judas's penny
    money flower
    money in both pockets
    moon seed
    penny bark
    penny flower
    Peter's pence
    Pope's money
    prick-song flower
    St Peter's pence
    satin flower
    satin leaves
    satin pod
    silver dollar
    silver leaf
    silver plate
    white satin

    see more
  • Synonyms Lunaria biennis

  • Family Brassicaceae

  • Genus Lunaria can be annuals, biennials or perennials, with triangular-ovate leaves and leafy racemes of 4-petalled flowers in late spring and early summer

  • Details L. annua is a hardy annual or biennial, with toothed, heart-shaped leaves, and large, open clusters of purple flowers in late spring and early summer, followed by flat, round, silvery seed pods

  • Plant range Europe


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or East-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Loam


  • Sand


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Loam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height 0.5-1 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 1-2 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in fertile, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade; valuable for wildlife gardens

Propagation Propagate by seed sown in-situ in early summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types Cut Flowers Flower borders and beds Cottage & Informal Garden Wildflower meadow

How to care

Pruning Translucent seedheads are useful for dried flower arrangements; self-seeds readily, leave in situ if self-seeding is desirable, cut back after flowering if seeds are not required

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases May be affected by club root and white blister

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