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Aquilegia gall midge can have a serious effect on the ability of aquilegia to produce healthy flowers. First reported in Britain in 2009, the midge is becoming widespread in England.
Aquilegia gall midge is a tiny fly that lays eggs on the developing flowers buds of aquilegia. During May and June the feeding activities of the larvae inside flower buds result in distorted flowers that fail to fully open.
If the foliage of your aquilegia appears normal but the flowers are swollen and distorted aquilegia gall midge is almost certainly to blame. Numerous pale orange or white maggots, 2-3mm long, may be found inside the buds.
There is currently no control for this insect other than the removal of infested flower buds before the larvae have completed their feeding. Damage by this insect comes to an end by during June. This midge is specific to aquilegias and will not affect any other plants.
As it is a relatively new insect in the UK, little is known about its biology. However, it is specific to aquilegias and will not affect any other plants. It has one generation a year. Adults emerge in the spring and lay eggs on the developing flower buds. The larval feeding period is likely to be short, occurring over a few weeks in May and June, after which the maggots drop down into the soil to pupate.
Agapanthus gall midge Aquilegia downy mildewAquilegia sawfly Blackcurrant gall midge Hemerocallis gall midge Pear midgeRobin's pin cushion
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