• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Malus domestica 'Winter Gem' (D)

apple 'Winter Gem'

  • Other common names apple 'Winter Gem'

  • Family Rosaceae

  • Genus Malus are small to medium-sized deciduous trees with showy flowers in spring and ornamental or edible fruit in autumn; some have good autumn foliage colour

  • Details 'Winter Gem' is a late-season dessert apple with crisp flesh and a rich, aromatic flavour. The fruit is greenish-yellow flushed and striped with red, ripening in mid-autumn and storing to mid-spring. It is self-sterile, in pollination group 3, and can be shy to crop

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Flower

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect East-facing or South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Loam

    Loam

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained

  • SoilClay, Sand, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread 4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Prefers a deep, fertile, moist but well-drained, neutral soil in a sheltered, sunny position. Will not thrive on very acid soils, shallow chalk soils or with shade for more than half the day. May require fruit thinning to improve fruit size and quality. See apple cultivation

Propagation Propagate by grafting in midwinter or budding in late summer. Fruit grown from pips will not resemble the parent

Suggested planting locations and garden types Wall-side Borders City & Courtyard Gardens Patio & Container Plants Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Prune according to chosen training method, often twice a year; see apple pruning

Pests May be affected by aphids, including woolly aphid, fruit tree red spider mite, codling moth and other caterpillars

Diseases Better than average resistance to common apple diseases: apple canker, apple scab, and powdery mildews. Apples are also susceptible to brown rot, honey fungus and blossom wilt

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