• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Arum maculatum


  • Other common names lords-and-ladies
    cuckoo pint

    Adam and Eve
    adder's meat
    adder's root
    bloody man's finger
    bobbin' Joan
    bobbing Jane
    boys and girls
    brown dragons
    bulls and cows
    calf's foot
    cobbler's thumb
    cocky baby
    devil's ladies and gentlemen
    devil's men and women
    English passion flower
    friar's cowl
    lamb in a pulpit
    lily grass
    naked ladies
    parson and clerk
    parson in the pulpit
    Portland arrowroot
    Portland sago plant
    Portland starchroot
    priest's pintle
    snake's victuals
    starch flower
    starch plant

    see more
  • Family Araceae

  • Genus Arum are tuberous perennials with simple, arrow-head shaped leaves and tiny flowers hidden, at the base of a yellow or purple, club-shaped spadix, within a showy, hood-like spathe, and followed by red berries

  • Details A. maculatum is a compact tuberous perennial to about 45cm with arrow-shaped shiny green leaves often with black spots. Variable pale green to purple flushed spathes appear in late spring, followed by spikes bearing orange-red berries in the autumn. Foliage dies down by midsummer

  • Plant range Europe


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Columnar/Upright

  • Toxicity All parts are highly toxic by ingestion

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Partial Shade

  • Full Shade

  • Aspect North-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered


  • Loam


  • Chalk


  • Sand


  • Clay


  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Chalk, Sand, Clay

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in moist but well-drained humus-rich soil and plant 10 to 15cm deep in light shade. Self-seeding may be a problem

Propagation Propagate by division of tubers when dormant after flowering. Propagate by seed, sow seeds as soon as ripe in the autumn having removed the fleshy pulp ? use gloves

Suggested planting locations and garden types Low Maintenance Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning No pruning required

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases Generally disease free

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