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AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:
This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects.
It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually.
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Other common names
pear 'Joséphine de Malines'
Pyrus are deciduous trees or shrubs with oval leaves and scented white flowers in spring, followed by green or brown fruits, edible in some species
Joséphine de Malines' is a dessert pear with a very rich, buttery and perfumed flavour. This cultivar needs a warm site. Crops are good and reliable and, though they bruise easily, fruit can be used from November through to December/January. Pollination group 3
All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets
Aspect South-facing or West-facing
MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained
SoilClay, Loam, Sand
Time to ultimate height
Plant in a sunny position in moist, but well-drained soil. Flowers early and so at risk from spring frosts. Needs another cultivar for pollination. Keep a weed free area of 60cm radius around the trunk. Thin fruit if necessary
Propagate by grafting or chip budding onto a clonal rootstock for fruit; quince rootstocks are usually used. The rootstock used will affect plant size
Suggested planting locations and garden types
Cottage & Informal Garden
Pruning As this cultivar is a tip bearer, it is best grown as a bush, not as a cordon or other restricted form. Prune in winter. Further pruning advice: pruning new pear trees, summer pear pruning, winter pear pruning, renovating pear trees
Pests May be attacked by aphids, caterpillars, codling moth, bullfinches, pear midge, pear and cherry slugworm and pear blister mite
Resistant to pear scab. May be affected by pear rust, blossom wilt, brown rot and fireblight
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