• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Plumeria rubra

frangipani

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
frangipani

© RHS

  • Other common names frangipani
    jasmine mango

    pagoda tree
    red nosegay tree
    temple flower
    temple tree
    West Indian jasmine

    see more
  • Family Apocynaceae

  • Genus Plumeria can be deciduous or semi-evergreen shrubs or small trees, with succulent stems bearing simple leaves towards the apex, and fragrant, salver-shaped flwoers in terminal clusters in summer and autumn

  • Details P. rubra is a deciduous shrub with few succulent branches bearing oblong leaves to 40cm long, and terminal panicles of highly fragrant, yellow-centred rose-pink flowers to 9cm across, in late summer and autumn

  • Plant range Mexico to Panama

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Flower

  • Toxicity All parts of the plant including the latex sap are toxic

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H1B

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Sand

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilLoam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 2.5-4 metres

  • Ultimate spread 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow under glass in a well-drained loam-based compost (JI No2) with the addition of extra grit or sharp sand. Provide full light and a minimum temperature of 10°C (50F). Water moderately when in growth, but keep almost dry during the winter months. Feed once a month with a balanced liquid fertilser during the growing season

Propagation Propagate by seed sown in containers at 18°C (64F) in spring. Take ripe cuttings of leafless stem tips in early spring. Allow these to dry thoroughly at the base before inserting them into the rooting medium

Suggested planting locations and garden types Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning When grown under glass, size may be reduced by pruning back to a branch junction or fork in early spring. Wounds can be prone to rotting however so pruning should be kept to a minimum. Mature plants do not respond well to renovation

Pests Susceptible to glasshouse red spider mite

Diseases Can be prone to rot in cold conditions

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