• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Pinus nigra subsp. nigra

Austrian pine

  • Other common names Austrian pine

  • Synonyms Pinus nigra var. austriaca
    Pinus austriaca

  • Family Pinaceae

  • Genus Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

  • Details A large, fast-growing, evergreen conifer initially pyramidal in shape, with branches down to the ground, later developing a wide crown and bare trunk with deeply fissured, dark grey bark. Needles are dark green, pointed and fairly stiff, in pairs. Small, yellow flowers are followed by dark green, pointed cones, maturing to light brown

  • Plant range SE Europe

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Spreading/Branched

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H7

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Sand

    Sand

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height Higher than 12 metres

  • Ultimate spread wider than 8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in any well-drained soil, in full sun. Tolerates poor, dry soil and salt wind

Propagation Propagate by seed sown in containers in a cold frame in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Drought Resistant Low Maintenance Architectural Cottage & Informal Garden Coastal

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1

Pests May be suceptible to adelgids, conifer aphid species, pine sawfly and pine shoot moth

Diseases May be susceptible to various needlecast diseases

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