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A pond is an attractive feature in any garden and, with a little thought about its design and construction, can also be a haven for wildlife. During the past century, nearly 70 percent of ponds have been lost from the UK countryside, meaning garden ponds and water features have an increased importance for wildlife.
Gardens of all sizes can accommodate water features.
Water is essential to wildlife and many creatures will make use of it:
Get top tips on making, planting up and caring for your pond with this year's Wild About Gardens campaign, a partnership between the RHS and The Wildlife Trusts.
The wildlife pond will be a pleasure throughout the year but certain times are best for undertaking work.
When setting up or adapting an existing pond for wildlife, there are a few things to consider.
The Pond Book: A Guide to the Management and Creation of Ponds by Williams P., Biggs J., Whitfield M., Thorne A., Bryant S., Fox G., and Nicolet P. (Pond Conservation 2010, ISBN 9780953797110)
This book is made available through the RHS Lindley Library.
Managing a wildlife pond is very similar to any other pond but with a few additional considerations;
There are a few common problems associated with ponds.
Aquatic weeds such as duckweed can smother the surface. Likewise the water can become green or covered in blanket weed when algae takes hold.
British Herpetological Society - for information about Britain's amphibians and their conservation
Encouraging garden birds
Gardening on wet soils
Planting aquatic plants
Pond construction and repair
RHS Plants for Bugs research
Trees for wet soils
Wildlife in gardens
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RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team.
We're a UK charity established to share the best in gardening. We want to enrich everyone's life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place.