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Annual Biennial

Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla var. flavescens rainbow chard

chard 'Rainbow Chard'

A biennial vegetable grown for its edible leaves, and brightly coloured stems in a range of red, yellow and orange shades. Often grown as an annual, but late summer sowings may overwinter to provide leaves in spring, in areas where the soil is not too wet.

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Size
Ultimate height
0.1–0.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
1 year
Ultimate spread
0.1–0.5 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained
pH
Acid, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green Red Yellow Orange Green
Summer Green Red Yellow Orange Green
Autumn
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

East–facing or South–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Sheltered
Hardiness
H3
Botanical details
Family
Amaranthaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Clump forming
Genus

Beta can be annual, biennial or perennial plants, often with rosettes of basal leaves and thick, fleshy roots. The genus includes a range of wild species, as well as cultivated food crops such as beetroot, chard and sugar beet

Name status

Correct

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in fertile soil in an open, sunny site, though it can tolerate some shade in summer. See RHS Grow Your Own guide to chard for more detailed advice

Propagation

Propagate by seed sown outdoors from April to July

Suggested planting locations and garden types
Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be susceptible to birds, that can pull up and eat young seedlings, and to flea beetles

Diseases

May be susceptible to downy mildews and grey moulds

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