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Carpinus kawakamii

A medium-sized deciduous tree, with dark grey older bark and brownish-grey younger branches and reaching a height of 9m (30ft) when mature. In very mild gardens in the south-west of England it can sometimes remain in leaf through the year. Foliage emerges reddish-green in spring, maturing to green in summer and then turning bright orange red in autumn. . The green, male and female catkins are produced separately on the same tree in May to June. After fertilisation, the female flowers develop into hop-like clusters in late summer to autumn, containing winged seeds that disperse on the wind when ripe

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Size
Ultimate height
8–12 metres
Time to ultimate height
10–20 years
Ultimate spread
4–8 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green Red Green
Summer Green
Autumn Orange Red
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Sheltered
Hardiness
H5
Botanical details
Family
Betulaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Carpinus are deciduous shrubs and trees with attractive foliage and hop-like fruit clusters in late summer and autumn

Name status

Correct

Plant range
China, Taiwan

How to grow

Cultivation

Easy to grow in most soils, as long as they are reasonably moist and well drained. Best given shelter from cold winds

Propagation

Propagate by seed, softwood cuttings in spring and early summer, or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Architectural
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Cottage and informal garden
Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

May be susceptible to caterpillars and aphids

Diseases

May be susceptible to powdery mildews, coral spot and sometimes honey fungus

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