Not the plant you're looking for? Search over 300,000 plants

Olea europaea 'Fastigiata'

A more compact and upright form of the typical species, producing branches to 4m (13½ft) and a canopy to 2m (6½ft) across after 10 years. The stems carry evergreen oval-shaped, grey-green foliage and clusters of lightly fragrant, small, cream coloured, fluffy flowers in early summer, followed by green olives when grown in warm areas, which turn black when ripe in autumn. The tree is reputedly more cold tolerant and of growing in slightly more shade than the typical species.

Join the RHS

Become an RHS Member today and save 25% on your first year

Join now
Size
Ultimate height
4–8 metres
Time to ultimate height
20–50 years
Ultimate spread
1.5–2.5 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Loam
Sand
Clay
Moisture
Well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Grey Silver Green
Summer Cream Grey Silver Green Green
Autumn Grey Silver Green Black
Winter Grey Silver Green
Position
  • Full sun
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Sheltered
Hardiness
H4
Botanical details
Family
Oleaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Columnar upright
Genus

Olea are small or medium sized evergreen trees with simple, opposite leathery leaves. Flowers are in terminal or axillary panicles, and are small, whitish and followed by an ovoid, oblong or globose drupe (fruit).

Name status

Unresolved

How to grow

Cultivation

Grows in any well-drained soil, in full sun.

Propagation

Propagate by seed in spring at a temperature of 13-15°C (55-59°F). Can also be propagated by semi-ripe cuttings in summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Mediterranean climate plants
  • Patio and container plants
  • Flower borders and beds
Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

May be susceptible to scale insects

Diseases

May be susceptible to honey fungus (rarely)

Get involved

The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place.