Large, upright-growing conical, evergreen coniferous tree, reaching up to 25m when mature. Young branches are reddish and glabrous, darkening in 2nd - 3rd year. New buds are resinous, small and globular. Leaves are densely set in several overlapping ranks, covering shoots in radial way. Needles are glossy, dark-green above, with two stomatal lines underneath. Up to 3cm long and 2.5mm wide, they are often curved or ''S''-shaped, flattened at the end. Ovoid seed cones, up to 8 cm long and 4 cm wide, are dark indigo-blue when young, maturing to black.
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Ultimate heightHigher than 12 metres
Time to ultimate height20–50 years
Ultimate spread4–8 metres
MoistureMoist but well–drained
Colour & scent
- Full sun
East–facing or North–facing or South–facing or West–facing
ExposureExposed or Sheltered
- Native to the UK
- Columnar upright
Abies are evergreen conifers, often very tall, with whorled branches bearing flattened, linear leaves, often whitish beneath, and on the upper branches, large cones which break up whilst attached to the tree
- Name status
How to grow
Grows best in deep, slightly acidic, moist but well-drained soils. New developing shoots and cones are sensitive to late frosts. It is best grown in areas with moist climate and abundant rainfall.
Suggested planting locations and garden types
- City and courtyard gardens
No pruning required
Generally disease-free, but mat be affected by honey fungus.
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