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ShrubsFruit Edible

Ficus carica 'Madeleine des Deux Saisons' (F)

fig 'Madeleine des Deux Saisons'

A vigorous, spreading large shrub or small tree, to around 4m tall with deeply lobed leaves. A very old cultivar grown at Versailles in the time of Louis IV, this can be more frost hardy than many other cultivars. Produces large, edible, exceptionally sweet fruits with a dark, reddish-bronze skin and pink to red flesh, from late summer into autumn. Can also be grown in containers, producing fruit at a young age.

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Size
Ultimate height
2.5–4 metres
Time to ultimate height
10–20 years
Ultimate spread
2.5–4 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Loam
Sand
Clay
Moisture
Moist but well–drained, Well–drained
pH
Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green
Summer Green Red Bronze
Autumn Yellow Red Bronze
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Sheltered
Hardiness
H5
Botanical details
Family
Moraceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Bushy
Potentially harmful
Humans/Pets: Harmful to skin with sunlight. For further information and contact numbers regarding pets, see the HTA guide to potentially harmful plants
Genus

Ficus can be evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs or climbers, with often leathery, simple, entire or lobed leaves and tiny flowers borne within a hollow receptacle which enlarges to form the fruit

Name status

Accepted

How to grow

Cultivation

Best grown fan-trained against a warm wall or fence, using a root-restriction method such as a box of paving slabs with the bottom filled with a layer of rubble or broken crocks. Also suitable for cultivation in a container. See fig cultivation

Propagation

Propagate by hardwood cuttings, by layering or from suckers

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Architectural
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Mediterranean climate plants
  • Patio and container plants
  • Edible fruit
  • Wall side borders
Pruning

In mid-spring remove a proportion (1/4 to 1/3) of older branches. For further information see fig cultivation and fan-training

Pests

May be susceptible to glasshouse red spider mite, thrips, mealybugs and scale insects under glass

Diseases

May be susceptible to honey fungus

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