A columnar, evergreen conifer tree with finely flaky, pale-brown bark. Year-old shoots are dark purple, with purple conical buds. Dark green needles are 2.5cm long and spread below and point forwards above each shoot. Seed cones up to 9cm long and 4cm wide are bluish purple when young, maturing to purplish-brown with protruding bracts.
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Ultimate heightHigher than 12 metres
Time to ultimate height20–50 years
Ultimate spread2.5–4 metres
MoistureMoist but well–drained
Colour & scent
- Full sun
East–facing or North–facing or South–facing or West–facing
ExposureExposed or Sheltered
- Native to the UK
- Columnar upright
Abies are evergreen conifers, often very tall, with whorled branches bearing flattened, linear leaves, often whitish beneath, and on the upper branches, large cones which break up whilst attached to the tree
- Name status
- Plant range
- N & C China
How to grow
Grows best in deep, slightly acidic, moist but well-drained soils in cooler climates.
Suggested planting locations and garden types
- City and courtyard gardens
No pruning required
Generally disease-free, but may be susceptible to honey fungus.
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