Not the plant you're looking for? Search over 300,000 plants

Crocus sativus
  • RHS Plants for pollinators

saffron crocus

C. sativus is an autumn-flowering corm. It produces large, goblet flowers in pale purple with a red stigma

Other common names
blood of Thoth
saffron
see moreSt Valentine's rose
Synonyms
Crocus sativus var. cashmirianus
Buy this plant
Size
Ultimate height
Up to 10cm
Time to ultimate height
2–5 years
Ultimate spread
0–0.1 metre
Growing conditions
Chalk
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Well–drained
pH
Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green
Summer
Autumn Purple Green
Winter Green
Position
  • Full sun
Aspect

South–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H6
Botanical details
Family
Iridaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Genus

Crocus are dwarf, deciduous perennials growing from a corm, with linear leaves usually with a silvery central stripe, and goblet-shaped, sometimes fragrant flowers in autumn or early spring

Name status

Correct

Plant range
E. Mediterranean

Advertise here

How to grow

Cultivation

Requires a sunny, free-draining site in the border. Plant 10cm (4in) deep. Pick stigmas for drying as a flavouring and food colourant

Propagation

Propagate by division of clumps or by propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Gravel garden
  • Patio and container plants
  • Mediterranean climate plants
  • Flower borders and beds
Pruning

None required

Pests

Beware of mice, voles, squirrels and sparrows

Diseases

Corms are susceptible to fungal diseases

My Garden

Your free RHS gardening coach

Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully

My plants
My calendar

My plants

My calendar

My ideas
Manage membership

My ideas

My advice

Get involved

The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place.