Not the plant you're looking for? Search over 300,000 plants
Annual Biennial

Papaver rhoeas
  • RHS Plants for pollinators

common poppy

P. rhoeas is an erect annual to 75 cm, with pinnately lobed oblong leaves and solitary, bright scarlet bowl-shaped flowers in summer

Other common names
African rose
blind-eyes
see moreblue-eyes
cheese couls
cheese cowl
cock rose
cop rose
copper rose
corn poppy
field poppy
Flanders poppy
headaches
prophetic leaf
red cornflower
red poppy
redweed
Shirley poppy
wind rose
canker [2]
canker rose [2]
corn rose [2]
cornflower [4]
headache plant [2]
thunder flower [2]
Synonyms
Papaver arvaticum
Papaver vulgaris

Unlimited days out

Individual RHS membership from £47.25

Complete now
Buy this plant
Size
Ultimate height
0.5–1 metres
Time to ultimate height
1–2 years
Ultimate spread
0.1–0.5 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green
Summer Red Green
Autumn
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing or North–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H7
Botanical details
Family
Papaveraceae
Native to the UK
Yes
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Columnar upright
Genus

Papaver can be annuals, biennials or herbaceous perennials with simple or pinnately divided leaves and short-lived, saucer-shaped, 4-petalled flowers which may be solitary or in racemes

Name status

Correct

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in any well-drained fertile soil in full sun

Propagation

Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Wildlife gardens
  • Wildflower meadow
  • Coastal
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Low Maintenance
  • Flower borders and beds
Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be attacked by aphids

Diseases

May be subject to a downy mildew

My Garden

Your free RHS gardening coach

Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully

My plants
My calendar

My plants

My calendar

My ideas
Manage membership

My ideas

My advice

Get involved

The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place.