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Herbaceous Perennial

Geranium pratense
  • RHS Plants for pollinators

meadow cranesbill

G. pratense is a clump-forming perennial with hairy stems and deeply-lobed foliage. The saucer-shaped, white, blue or violet flowers are 4cm across and appear in early to mid-summer

Other common names
common cranesbill
crowfoot
see moremeadow geranium
wild geranium

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Size
Ultimate height
0.5–1 metres
Time to ultimate height
2–5 years
Ultimate spread
0.5–1 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained, Well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green
Summer Blue Purple White Green
Autumn Green
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

North–facing or East–facing or South–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H7
Botanical details
Family
Geraniaceae
Native to the UK
Yes
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Clump forming
Genus

Geranium can be annuals, biennials and perennials, herbaceous or evergreen, with rounded, usually palmately lobed or divided leaves, and lax inflorescences of rounded, 5-petalled flowers

Name status

Correct

Plant range
Europe to Himalaya

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in any moderately fertile soil apart from waterlogged soils. Full sun or partial shade is best but shade is tolerated

Propagation

Propagate by seed, or by division in spring or take basal cuttings in early to mid spring and root with bottom heat

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Wildflower meadow
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Ground cover
  • Flower borders and beds
  • Underplanting of roses and shrubs
Pruning

Remove flowered stems and old leaves to encourage the production of fresh leaves and flowers

Pests

Can suffer from vine weevil larvae, sawflies, slugs or snails

Diseases

May be affected by a downy mildew and powdery mildews

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